U.S. policymakers should note well this series of events and remember a simple lesson. Billions of dollars of U.S. assistance-and a sustained diplomatic focus on the reform agenda-have not given the United States the ability to dictate the outcomes of Pakistan's political process. This is inconvenient for the United States, but not surprising. For the United States and for other major donors in Pakistan, money has never brought leverage.
They present some very good options for more effective ways the United States and the international community can use aid to force change. Our question from the other day still stands: what can we do now to promote and support entrepreneurship in Pakistan? Aid only takes you so far (or, in some cases, takes you backwards).